Gausul Azam Hazrat Shah Sufi Syed Ahmad Ullah Maizbhandari is Descendant of holy Prophet and Messenger of Allah Hazrat Ahmad Mustaba Muhammad Mustafa (Peace Be Upon Him). From generation to generation ( by Baghdad⇒Delhi⇒Gaura Nagar⇒Patia, Chittagong⇒Azim Nagor, Fatikchari) Gausul Azam Hazrat Shah Sufi Syed Ahmad Ullah Maizbhandari was born on January 15, 1826, corresponding to Magh 1, 1233 of the Bengali Calendar year in the village Maizbhandar. It is 40 km north from the city center of Chittagong, Bangladesh. The village Maizbhandar is famous and well known to all over the world as “Maizbhandar Darbar Sharif” just because of his Spiritual Dignity.
Sufi scholar Mohiuddin Ibn Arabi was said to have predicted the birth of Gausul Azam Hazrat Shah Sufi Syed Ahmad Ullah Maizbhandari, 586 years earlier in “Fasusul Hekum Kitab” which is writen by him.
Spent his childhood in his native district of Chittagong. After finishing his secondary education, he was admitted to Calcata Alia Madrasha of British India , for his higher studies in Islamic religion and philosophy.
After completing his studies, Gausul Azam Hazrat Shah Sufi Syed Ahmad Ullah Maizbhandari was appointed as the sessions Judge (i.e. judge for the administration of criminal justice, widely known as kazi) of Jessore, which is now a district of Bangladesh. However, a year later; he resigned from the judiciary post and started teaching in religious college of munsi bo’ali in Calcutta And after calcutta alia madrasa. Along with this pursue, he was engaged in preaching religious teachings of Islam among people and addressing public in religious gatherings.
Gausul Azam Hazrat Shah Sufi Syed Ahmad Ullah Maizbhandari was by born Awlia Allah (Arabic for “Friends of Allah”).
Gausul Azam Hazrat Shah Sufi Syed Ahmad Ullah Maizbhandari became influenced by the spiritual teaching of Abu Shahama Mohammed Saleh Al-Qaderi Lahori (R), a Sufi sheikh and of a Sufi lineage. He initiated a (Bay’ah) (Arabic for ‘promise’) to him as a Sufi disciple, Achieved “Gawsioth” (“Helper” or “The Mightiest Succour”) and later became appointed as his Sufi Order successor (a Khalifa). Abu Shahama Mohammed Saleh Al-Qaderi Lahori recommended him to go to his elder brother Sufi, Saint Delwar Ali Pakbaz. From Saint Delwar Ali Pakbaz he Achived “Qutbioth”. (Qutb or Kutb refers to the most perfect human being who is thought to be the universal leader of all saints, to mediate between the divine and the human and whose presence is deemed necessary for the existence of the world.) He Achieved “Bil Malamath Belayoth”[by doing against his nafs.(the nafs in its unrefined state, is “the ego”, which they consider to be the lowest dimension of a person’s inward existence, his animal and satanic nature). Then he became Gausul Azam (The chief of the Saints, who is empowered by Allah to bring succour to suffering humanity, in response to His creatures’ cry for help in times of extreme adversity).
Some of his famous sayings may be cited here to form an idea about his spiritual greatness :
(1) “In the Day of Judgment I shall be the first to say, “La Illaha Illallah” (There is no God but God)
(2) “I went to Mecca and saw the bosom of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) as an endless ocean. I myself and my elder brother Hazrat Abdul Quader Gilani (K) dived into that ocean.”
(3) “Out of his (Hazrat Muhammad (SAW)) two caps, Prophet Muhammad (SAW) put one cap on my head and the other one on the head of my elder brother Hazrat Gausul Azam Abdul Quader Gilani (K). My name has been written in golden letter with the name of Piran-e-Pir Hazrat Gausul Azam Shaikh Muhiuddin Abdul Quader Gilani (K).”
(4) “I have twelve stars, twelve domes (bastion) and twelve conference rooms.”
(5) “I have four cushions, four paths (Majhabs) and four leaders (lmams).”
(6) “The dead people are crying. So I have come to this graveyard. You go home. genii, fairies, snakes, tigers etc. will do no harm to me. They are loyal to me.”
(7) “I offer prayer in Baitul Muqaddas.”
(8) “You remain in your religion. I have made you Muslim.”
(i) “Eat self-cooked food. Do not eat food cooked by others’ I keep fasting for twelve months. You also practise fasting.”
Gausul Azam Hazrat Shah Sufi Syed Ahmad Ullah Maizbhandari married at the age of 32, and his only son was Faizul Haque Maizbhandari.
The term ‘Khalifa ‘ means a deputy, caliph, successor or apostle of a Sufi sheikh. The Khalifa is to act as an authorized successor of own Sufi Master or (Pir Sufism). Though, as the founder of (Maizbhanderi Sufi Order), the universal Sufi sheikh Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi had a millions of followers, affectionate and Sufi Disciples/ Murid vastly in South Asia as well as all around the world. He also appointed hundreds of Khalifa/ Spiritual Sufi Successors to continue his Sufi teachings and thought among the society. They were from different territories and religions too. This list also can be said as Khalifa of Ghaus-e-Azam Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi in fact, he is vastly denoted as Ghaus-e-Azam by various writers in their Parisian, Urdu, Bengali and English works. Meanwhile, among the Sufi communities he is well known as Ghaus-e-Azam in the perception of spiritual hierarchy.
It is firmly believed that, some of them remain unidentified till today because, they went away to different part of the region desiring to remain unknown due to self-will and kept themselves engage in introspective thought and practices. On the other hand, some of them became as famous by a surname as their original name generally remain unknown or unspecified among most of the people likewise: Baba Bhanderi , Harvangiri , Mandakini , Forhadabadi , Rahe Bhanderi etc.
A list of his Successors; firstly became published by one of his descendant Delwar Hossain Maizbhanderi in his famous work ‘Gausul Azam Maizbhandarir Jiboni O Karamat’ (Life sketch of Hazrat Kebla Kaba). In that book the author expressed his sorrow for such an incomplete list. Meanwhile, many among those of his Khalifa latterly became famous in the society for their own works and Sufi activities. As a continuous process,
Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi‘s Spiritual Successors/ Khalifa(s) are
He died on January 23, 1906, which corresponded to Magh 10, 1313 of the Bengali calendar. He was aged 80.
He was entombed in a shrine beside a pond near his house. The shrine has been re-built in a more modern design to include others from his family and followers.
Gausul Azam Moulana Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi succeeded the spiritual chain of Abu Shahama Mohammed Saleh Al-Qaderi Lahori and appointed hundreds of successors. Some of his successors began teaching their individual Sufi thoughts and practices as they sought to be recognized as a newer Sufi Order.